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Logical reasoning, in combination with other cognitive skills, is an important skill you use during all kinds of daily situations.

What is logical reasoning?

Logical reasoning is the process of using rational and systematic series of steps to come to a conclusion for a given statement. The situations that ask for logical reasoning require structure, a relationship between given facts and chains of reasoning that are sensible.

Because you have to study a problem objectively with logical reasoning, analysing is an important factor within the process.

Why is logical reasoning important?

Logical reasoning, in combination with other cognitive skills, is an important skill you use during all kinds of daily situations. It helps you make important decisions, discern the truth, solve problems, come up with new ideas and set achievable goals.


We’ll explain each type of logical reasoning further:

Inductive reasoning

With inductive reasoning, a number of specific observations lead to a general rule. With this method, the premises are viewed as supplying some evidence for the truth of a conclusion. With inductive reasoning, there is an element of probability. In other words, forming a generalization based on what is known or observed.

Deductive reasoning

With deductive reasoning, factual statements are used to come to a logical conclusion. If all the premises (factual statements) are true, the terms are clear and all the rules of deductive logic are followed to come to a conclusion, then the conclusion will also be true. In this case, the conclusion isn’t probable, but certain.

Abductive reasoning

With abductive reasoning, the major premise is evident but the minor premise(s) is probable. Therefore, defining a conclusion would also make this conclusion probable. You start with an observation, followed by finding the most likely explanation for the observations. In other words, it is a type of logical reasoning you use when you form a conclusion with the (little) information that is known.

The main agenda behind conducting Logical reasoning tests is to evaluate the candidate’s interpretation skills with respect to patterns, number sequences, relationships, shapes, etc. Logical Reasoning tests are quite similar to diagrammatic tests, abstract reasoning tests, and inductive reasoning tests.

Tips to prepare for logical reasoning for competitive exams

  • Go through the syllabus and set a time frame for the completion of each topic. A roadmap is important so that all topics are covered.

  • Solve as many questions as possible, go for diverse questions so that you have proper clarity about the tricks to solve them.

  • Time Management is really important, as these tests are strictly timed. Go for shorter alternatives while studying.

  • While preparing go through last year’s papers or sample questions giving at the company portal, so that you can anticipate the difficulty level of questions.

  • You must solve brain teasers or Rubik’s cubes to keep your brain active and in touch with problem-solving.

  • Read Mystery novels and try to anticipate the killer or thief, before reading the climax. This will enhance your memorization and inferring capability.

  • Participate in speaking competitions such as Debates, Just a minute speeches as these events teach you how to handle brainstorms, and analyze the situation promptly.

Examples of Logical Thinking

  • Conducting market research tests to gauge consumer reactions to a new product before devising an advertising strategy.

  • Developing a recruiting profile for new sales representatives based on an assessment of the qualities of the company's most productive sales representatives.

  • Recommending a strategy for quitting smoking after reviewing the latest overview studies on smoking cessation.

  • Analyzing reviews by restaurant customers before structuring training protocols.

  • Surveying employees about their preferences for employee benefits before finalizing contracts with vendors.


Quiz on Logical Reasoning by

Practice questioning

One of the best ways to strengthen your logical thinking skills is to ask questions about things you typically accept as fact. Regularly asking questions helps you view situations more completely, allowing you to approach problems at work more logically and creatively.

Socialize with others

Building relationships with others can broaden your perspective, giving you more opportunities to develop your logical thinking skills. When you get to know someone better and learn his point of view, it may help you approach problems at work in a new and different way.

Learn a new skill

Learning a new skill can also help you sharpen your logic skills. When you take the opportunity to learn as often as possible, you can apply the same level of thinking to your job.

Try to anticipate the outcome of your decisions

When working to strengthen your logical thinking skills, it is helpful to consider what impact your decisions might have in the future. The closer you pay attention to the results of your decisions, the easier the process will become.

Another important aspect of Logic is Philosophical Logic and Reasoning and the importance of this in our lives include:

This is essential in General Problem Solving: It helps us to analyze concepts, definitions, arguments and problems, and contributes to our capacity to organize ideas and issues to deal with questions of value.

Communication Skills: Here our skills will be enhanced as we are able to present ideas through well-constructed systematic and reasoned arguments.

Persuasive Powers: We will learn to build and defend our own views, to appreciate competing positions, and to indicate forcefully why we consider our own views preferable to alternatives.

Writing Skills: Philosophical Logic and Reasoning teaches us interpretive writing through its examination of challenging texts, comparative writings through emphasis on fairness to alternative positions, argumentative writing through detailed portrayal of concrete examples and others. These are very important reasons why logic and reasoning matter in human affairs.


The ability to think logically is of immense practical importance in our daily lives. Day after day, from moment to moment, we are busy interpreting available evidence and making predictions on what will happen next. When we walk along the sidewalk, it is our interpretation of the available evidence that leads us to the conclusion that it will be safe to put a foot forward for the next step.

  • It helps us to distinguish good argument from bad ones.

  • It makes our thinking clear & accurate.

  • It strengthens our intellectual skills.

  • It advances our quest for knowledge and understanding whatever is our field of interest.

  • It enlarges our capacity to formulates argument & analyse them critically.

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