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"Step-by-Step Guide to GST Registration: Everything You Need to Know"

The GST (Goods and Services Tax) registration process in India is crucial for businesses and individuals engaging in the supply of goods or services. It is mandatory for entities whose turnover exceeds specified thresholds or who fall under specific categories as per GST laws.


Below is a detailed GST registration process guide covering eligibility criteria, documents required, application procedure, and compliance.


Mandatory Registration: You must register for GST if your aggregate turnover exceeds the threshold limit. As of 2024, the threshold limits are:

  • Regular States: Rs. 40 lakhs (for suppliers of goods).

  • Special Category States: Rs. 20 lakhs (for suppliers of goods).

  • All States: Rs. 20 lakhs (for suppliers of services).

Additionally, certain categories of businesses are required to register for GST regardless of turnover. These include:

  • Interstate suppliers of goods/services.

  • Casual taxable persons.

  • Non-resident taxable persons.

  • Persons liable to pay tax under reverse charge.

  • E-commerce operators.

Voluntary Registration: Even if turnover is below the threshold, businesses can opt for voluntary registration to avail of benefits like input tax credit (ITC) and participate in the formal economy.


Documents Required for GST Registration

Before initiating the GST registration process, ensure you have the following documents and information ready:

Business Details:

  • PAN (Permanent Account Number) of the business entity.

  • Proof of constitution (Partnership deed, Certificate of Incorporation, etc.).

  • Address proof of principal place of business (ownership/rent agreement with utility bills).

Promoter/Partner Details:

  • PAN and Aadhaar card (or passport) of promoters/partners.

  • Photographs of promoters/partners.

Authorized Signatory Details:

  • PAN and Aadhaar card (or passport).

  • Photograph.

Bank Account Details:

  • Bank account number.

  • IFSC code.

  • Copy of canceled cheque or bank statement.

Additional Documents:

  • Digital signature (for companies and LLPs).

  • Board resolution or authorization letter (for authorized signatory).

  • Proof of appointment of authorized signatory


GST Registration Procedure

The GST registration process involves the following steps:

Step 1: Access the GST Portal

  1. Visit the GST Portal: Go to the official GST portal (

  2. Click on 'Register Now': Under the 'Taxpayers' tab, click on 'Register Now'.



Step 2: Fill the GST Registration Application (Part A)

Select Type of Taxpayer: Choose whether you are registering as a normal taxpayer, composition taxpayer, or any other category as applicable.

Fill Part A of Form GST REG-01:

Provide basic details such as:

  • Type of taxpayer (Individual, Partnership, Company, etc.).

  • The legal name of the business.

  • PAN of the business.

  • State and district of registration.

  • Email address and mobile number (OTP will be sent for verification).

  • Choose between 'Resident' or 'Non-resident taxable person'.

  • Select 'Yes' or 'No' to opt for the composition scheme (if applicable).

Save and Continue: After filling in the details, save the application. You will receive a Temporary Reference Number (TRN) on your registered mobile and email.

Step 3: Fill Part B of Form GST REG-01

  1. Access Application using TRN: Log in again to the GST portal using the TRN.

  2. Fill Part B of Form GST REG-01: Complete the application by providing:

  • Business details (including business name, constitution, address, contact information).

  • Details of promoters/partners, directors, and authorized signatories.

  • Principal place of business details (address proof and other relevant information).

  • Additional places of business, if any.

  1. Upload Documents: Upload the scanned copies of all required documents listed earlier.

  2. Verification: Verify the application using a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) (mandatory for companies and LLPs) or Electronic Verification Code (EVC) sent to the registered mobile number and email.


Step 4: ARN Generation and Processing

  1. Application Reference Number (ARN): Once submitted, an Application Reference Number (ARN) is generated and sent to the registered email and mobile number.

  2. Application Processing: The GST authorities will verify the application and documents submitted. If additional information is required, they may issue a notice within 3 working days (unless opted for a casual taxable person or non-resident taxable person).

  3. GST Certificate: Upon successful verification, the GST Certificate (Form GST REG-06) is issued electronically, indicating the GSTIN (GST Identification Number) assigned.


Step 5: Time Frame and Compliance

  1. Time Frame: The GST registration process usually takes 7-10 working days from the date of submission of the application.

  2. Compliance: Once registered, ensure compliance with GST regulations, including filing of GST returns, payment of taxes, maintenance of records, and compliance with GST provisions.



GST registration is a pivotal step for businesses and individuals engaged in the supply of goods or services in India. It integrates the indirect tax system, promotes compliance, and ensures a seamless flow of credits across the supply chain.

By understanding the eligibility criteria, preparing the necessary documents, and following the registration process diligently, entities can navigate GST requirements effectively and contribute to the formal economy.

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